Josette ELAYI Transeuphratène

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Editor: J. Elayi

Trésors de monnaies phéniciennes et circulation monétaire (Ve-IVe siècles avant J.-C.)


Supplement no. 1 to Transeuphratène

Paris 1993. A volume 16 X 24 of 446 pages and 37 plates. 64€
Price G. Mendel of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres.

This corpus of 75 hoards of Phoenician coins (20 of which are new) throws light on many aspects of economic and political history of Phoenician cities and the Near East in the Vth and IVth c. These are the political and economical context of the first bronze coinages and hoarding, the operations of control and guarantee, the identification of areas and periods of exportation of coins from different workshops, the currency, the differentiation between areas of monetary and non-monetary economy, new chronological data, etc.



Les pointes de flèches en bronze d'Ibiza 
dans le cadre de la colonisation phénico-punique


Supplement no. 2 to Transeuphratène

Paris 1995. A volume 16 X 24 of 350 pages and 25 plates. 54€

Bronze arrowheads are the only remains left by Phoenician, then Carthaginian bowmen from Ibiza. The analysis of 139 arrowheads, 96 of which are new, thanks to a new documentary language, helped to establish their typology, origin, datation, distribution and function. lt also brought special information on several important points of political and economic history of Ibiza, identification of the first settlers, purposes and extent of colonization, and difficulties encountered with the indigeneous population of the island.



Nouvelles inscriptions araméennes d'Idumée au Musée d'Israël


Supplement no. 3 to Transeuphratène

Paris 1996. A volume 16 X 24 of 170 pages and 48 plates. 42€

This is the editio princeps of 218 unpublished Aramaic ostraca from the IVth c. B.C. They throw light on the econmy, society and politics of southern Palestine at the end of the Persian and beginning of the Hellenistic periods. The earliest ones date the creation of Persian Idumea before 362 and the latest ones reveal the administrative continuity after Alexander, mentioned in two ostraca.


Nouvelles découvertes sur les usages funéraires des Phéniciens d'Arwad


Supplement no. 4 to Transeuphratène

Paris 1996. A volume 16 X 24 of 175 pages, 25 figures and 39 plates. 41€.

The publication of 10 new graves and 13 new sarcophagi made of terracotta and marble, recently discovered in the area of Arwad, enlightens our knowledge of the large funeral plastic art and the Aradian workshops of sculpture, just as technics of weaving and sewing. The anthropological study of skeletons and sociological study of these burials afford precious information on funeral practices and social environment of the Phoenicians from Arwad.


Recherches sur les poids phéniciens

J. ELAYI and A.G. Elayi

Supplement no. 5 to Transeuphratène

Paris 1997. A volume 16 X 24 of 400 pages and 45 plates. 93€

472 Phoenician weights dating from the VIIIth to the IIIrd cent. B. C., half of them still unpublished, are presented in this book. Their study has enlarged the epigraphical corpus with new inscriptions and added new motifs to the iconographic material. It has enlightened technics of fabrication, counterfeiting and practices of weighing, and showed an important stage in the history of balances preceeding the invention of the steelyard. Some workshops have been identified, together with their types and periods of production. The relations between the Phoenician weight systems and the other ones in Transeuphratene, mainly Hebrew and Syrian, were carefully defined. As to the metrological study, the central point in a book related to weights, a specific methodology has been developped, adapting statistical models to Phoenician weights. It allowed to suppress several "metrological phantoms", used as wrong bases for theories on Near Eastern trade, and to establish on reliable new bases Phoenician metrology ; this will be also most helpful for numismatics studies.


SUn quartier phénicien du port de Beyrouth 
au Fer III/Perse. Les objets


Supplement no. 6 to Transeuphratène

Paris 1998. A volume 16 X 24 of 400 pages and 45 plates. 92€

Emergency excavations in the center of Beirut before its rebuilding have brought out a whole district of the ancient Phoenician harbour, exceptionally well-preserved, dating from the Iron Age III/Persian period (areas Bey 010 and Bey 039). This first volume is devoted to the artifactual material discovered, which provides important information. One discovers the cosmopolitism of its inhabitants, their activities, daily life, tastes and beliefs. Various activities were performed in this site : trade, fishing, spinning, sewing, and also in the vicinity glass, bone, stone, metal working, terracotta and pottery making. The potters of Beirut were inspired, in terracotta figurines, by Greek and Egyptian art in order to create a popular art, original when compared with the productions of other Phoenician workshops. The inhabitants of this district used these sacred figurines in their houses, worshipping above all their poliad divinity Ashtart/Astarte, conceived as a fecundity goddess.


SUn quartier phénicien du port de Beyrouth 
au Fer III/Perse. Archéologie et histoire


Supplement no. 7 to Transeuphratène

Paris 2000. A volume 16 X 24 of 426pages and 59 plates. 94€
Price N. Des Vergers of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres.

Emergency excavations in the center of Beirut before its rebuilding have brought out a whole district of the ancient Phoenician harbour, exceptionally well-preserved, dating from the Iron Age III/Persian period (areas Bey 010 and Bey 039). This first volume is devoted to the urbanism and architecture of the district, to its history in the local and regional context from its building (end of VIth c. B. B.) to its likely destruction by an earthquake (end of IVth c./beginning of IIIrd c.). It was built according to an orthogonal plan with integrated system of draining, including different kinds of buildings : houses, shops, houses-shops, houses-workshops, and a small district temple of betyl type, probably devoted to Ashtart/Astarte. Beirut belonged by that time to the powerful city of Sidon, and it was inside the project of developping the civic territory that the new district Bey 010 and the western quay Bey 039 were planned. Beirut was a very active fishing and trading harbour, turned to sea-borne trade as well as terrestrial, import, export, transit, on short and long distances.


Quinze ans de recherche (1985-2000)
sur la Transeuphratène à l'époque perse


Supplement no. 8 to Transeuphratène

Paris 2000. A volume 16x24 of 729 pages. 74€


The authors propose a first evaluation of the research related on Transeuphratene in the Persian period during the last fifteen years (1985-2000), after their first programmatic book of 1991 (New Perspectives on Transeuphratene) and the four Bulletins of information published in Transeuphratene in 1989, 1991, 1995 et 1999, which are reproduced in this book. They present a synthetic analysis of the results obtained in this field : scientific results, success of exchanges and organization of research. In order to evaluate the validity of their programm of research, they investigate also the results expected but not obtained, the methods used and the perspectives of future research.


Nouvelles inscriptions araméennes d'Idumée. Tome II


Supplement no. 9 to Transeuphratène

Paris 2002. A volume 16x24 of 300 pages and 69 plates. 79€


La constitution du corpus des écritures

à l'époque perse, dans la continuité de la tradition biblique


Supplement no. 10 to Transeuphratène

Paris 2003. A volume 16x24 of 241 pages. 47€


Le monnayage de la cité phénicienne de Sidon à l'époque perse (Ve-IVe s. av. J.-C.)


Supplement no. 11 to Transeuphratène

Paris 2004. Two volumes 16x24 of 716 pages + 855 pages and 77 plates. 142€


Abdashtart 1er/ Straton : un roi phénicien entre Orient et Occident


Supplement no. 12 to Transeuphratène

A volume 16 X 24 of 191 pages, 2 figures and 5 plates. 47€


Here is the first biography devoted to a Phoenician king : Abdaštart I of Sidon, who ruled from 365 to 352 B.C. The image that is usually kept today is that of a philellene king, known under the name of Strato. The historiographic enquiry has shown the origin of this image, its diffusion and its evolution during the Antiquity. Then it reappeared and was recuperated in the modern time, due to the discovery of Phoenicia in the 19th century through a hellenocentrist vision, and the neo-marxist debates on the « Asiatic despotism ». from the historical analysis of Abdaštart I’s life and rule, it was possible to determine the part of reality in the present image and to show that this image hides a second one, representing another aspect of this personage, more authentic and completely occulted. This Phoenician king was not, as Alexander for example, one of these « great men » who have changed the course of History, but he has deeply influenced the history of the powerful city of Sidon. His personality was particularly rich and complex : clever, cultured, aesthete and eclectic, he was open as well to the oriental as to the occidental culture ; energic and courageous, he was the first Phoenician king who fighted against the Persian imperialism. But his political errors were very fraught with consequences for the city of Sidon.



La construction de la figure de Moïse


Supplement no. 13 to Transeuphratène

Paris 2007. A volume 16x24 of 279 pages. 55€


L'influence du livre des Proverbes sur les rédactions bibliques

à l'époque perse


Supplement no. 14 to Transeuphratène

Paris 2008. A volume 16x24 of 319 pages. 60€


Byblos, cité sacrée (8e-4e s. av. J.-C.)


Supplement no. 15 to Transeuphratène

Paris 2009. A volume 16x24 of 285 pages and 2 plates. 65€


David and Abraham. Persian Period Traditions


Supplement no. 16 to Transeuphratène

Paris 2010. A volume 16x24 of 263 pages. 55€


Isaïe : le livre de la contestation


Supplement no. 17 to Transeuphratène

Paris 2012. A volume of 208 pages. 55€


Phoenician Coinages


Supplement no. 18 to Transeuphratène

Paris 2014. Two volumes of 606 pages. 165€


Arwad, cité phénicienne du nord


Supplement no. 19 to Transeuphratène

Paris 2015. A volume of 254 pages. 70€